# The Third Degree I've recently been building a basic shopping cart system using the [Cake Framework](http://cakephp.org/). I've been relying heavily on [Prototype](http://prototype.conio.net/) and all the beautiful effects from [script.aculo.us](http://script.aculo.us/) During this process (with the help from [Travis](http://www.squidfingers.com)) I've had a few epiphanies regarding the javascript landscape. The last couple years have been occupied with a popular movement towards separation of presentation and structure with CSS/XHTML. I think most of us applaud this movement but now it's time to push for a third degree of separation, Functionality. Since Prototype is effortless to implement we can begin to sprinkle it everywhere and before long our documents become difficult to read. This has lead me to re-think how Structure, Presentation, and now Functionality coexist. My current method is getting everything functioning without javascript. This assures that if a person has javascript disabled the site will continue to function properly. I then go back using a single .js file and create appropriate classes around the needed functionality points and execute them using a window.onload event. The trick is meticulous naming of id's in the XHTML. I highly recommend this method for those of you getting your kicks with Ajax. Ajax is great but if you don't have a backup plan your screwed and having this third degree ensures a graceful degrade. _July 20, 2005 around 10pm_